Although aquaculture is one of the fastest growing food cultivations in the world, (8,3 % per annum; SOFIA report of the FAO), its development is still limited due to our difficulty to control the start of the life cycle of many species of fish.
Developing the aquaculture sector is a priority in Europe (especially in France), but projected growth has not been achieved in all European countries.
The lack of suitable food is a major constraint in the production of the larvae of many species of fish. In the light of these difficulties to control the larval farming of several species intended either for human consumption or for ornamentation, interest in copepods for aquaculture has increased over the last few years. Copepods are the natural prey of fish and possess the nutritional qualities which are essential for the normal development of fish larvae. In this project we select 4 species of temperate and tropical copepods that have shown great promise for aquaculture. We will propose to perfect the breeding and enrichment protocol of these cultures. Mass productions of copepods will be based on simplified protocols which can be easily transposed to large volumes. The production of copepod nauplii will be used to prolong the survival of the larvae of several species which still cannot be controlled in aquaculture. The project proposes an original fundamental and operation research section based on new cinematic technologies and which we propose to develop in order to understand the predation sequences and possible rejections/blockages in the growth of fish larvae.
This project was labelised by the AQUIMER Pole of Competitiveness on the 22nd April, 2010.